雪宝山国家森林公园 Xuebaoshan national Forest Park

雪宝山国家森林公园位于重庆市开州区北部,总面积18408公顷。景区有丰富的野生动植物资源,其中国家重点保护植物的有50种,国家重点保护的动物有32种。是一个生态多样、特色突出的复合型国家级森林公园。于2002年由国家林业局批准的国家级森林公园。

主要景点

公园内主要由天水瀑景区、百里峡景区、雪宝顶景区组成。一共约有74处景点。

天水泉瀑:雪宝山最为奇特,一是瀑布源头为熔岩暗河;二是瀑布之水直接从暗河出口喷涌而出,冲上数米高空;三是暗河泉水从空中飞泻达300米,故名“天水泉瀑”。位于公园西南部,面积为19.05平方公里,以水体景观为特色。

千年崖柏:世界绝无仅有的8000多株雪宝山千年崖柏,是世界上面积分布最集中,数量最大的千年崖柏群。具有很高科考价值和观赏价值。

百里峡谷:峡长50千米,谷宽20-30米。峡谷穿越公园中部,峡谷两山对峙,姿态各异,是园内非常奇特且极富有神韵的自然景观。主要有百里峡漂流场、东河迭瀑、百里峡林海、恒温泉、响水泉、涧槽峡等23个大小景点。

亚高山草甸:公园境内2000米以上,面积达5万多亩,是目前中国南方最大、最原始、保存最好的亚高山草甸。

雪宝顶:位于公园的东北部,面积30.73平方公里。以中山草甸为特色,四季如画,景随时异。珍稀崖柏举世无双,天象景观奇异罕见。主要有赵家坪草场、十里坪草场、车场坝草场、三道坪草场、雪宝山草原、雪宝山云海、雪宝朝晖、雪宝晚霞、雪顶睡佛等38个大小景点。

自然资源

据不完全统计,植物187科720属1800余种,其中国家重点保护的有50种;陆生野生脊椎动物4纲24目70科185属278种,其中国家重点保护的有32种。

保护区内植物种类繁多,有维管植物215科1136属3813种,国家重点保护植物30科87属170种:其中,被世界保护联盟列为世界级极危植物一种:崖柏属的崖柏;被列入《国家重点保护野生植物名录》的Ⅰ级保护植物如珙桐、光叶珙桐、红豆杉、南方红豆杉、银杏等5种,Ⅱ级保护植物有:巴山榧、秦岭冷杉、鹅掌楸、连香树、水青树、大果青扦、杜仲、黄连、八角莲、厚扑等28种,还有异常丰富的兰科植物,如天麻、独蒜兰、火烧兰、虾脊兰、扇脉勺兰、羊耳蒜等44属109种。

保护区内野生动物资源极为丰富,是中国动物地理区域中的华中区西部山地高原亚区的一个保育很好的陆生野生动物天然基因库,是目前三峡库区具有蹄类动物和食肉类动物最多、最全的一个保护区,具有重要的保护研究价值。经初步调查,保护区内有野生脊椎动物32目97科337种。其中,哺乳动物8目24科62种,鸟类14目43科188种,爬行动物3目9科19种;两栖纲2目8科19种;鱼类5目13科49种;无脊椎动物昆虫类有18目192科1849种。属国家Ⅰ级保护动物4种,即云豹、豹、林麝和金雕;属国家Ⅱ级保护动物33种,如猕猴、穿山甲、狼、水獭、金猫、鬣羚、大鲵等。

地名传说

在古代,雪宝山人烟稀少,人迹罕至。传说,有一天,有两个外地人,想从开县的上华村到城口县的咸宜乡那边去,等走到青湾子,就已大雪封山,山路被大雪覆盖,再也无法下山了。两人就想了一个办法:用手搓雪球,鸡蛋般大小,把雪球堆在一块儿。没过多久,一个巨大的雪球做成了。两人使出全身力气,推动雪球顺着山势向下滚去,雪球越滚越快,越滚越大,竟把两人裹在了中间。忽然遇一高坎,雪球重重地摔了下去,发出”轰”的一声巨响,雪球也就给摔散了,两人爬出雪球,一点也没受伤。后来,人们便把这座山称为”雪包山”,再后来,又被人们谐音为”雪宝山”。

景区特点

雪宝山国家森林公园内旅游资源丰富、旅游品位高、特色鲜明;十五万亩保存最原始、最完美的亚高山草甸南国第一;溪泉瀑布众多,气候独特,人文景观丰富,具有原始、古朴、粗犷、奇异的特点。主要以广阔壮美的森林、种类繁多的生态景观为主体,以险峻雄浑的山岳和奇险幽长的峡谷为骨架,以南国最原始最优美的草甸景观、神奇多姿的泉瀑、天象为特色,兼有浓厚的文化底蕴、古雅的民风,具有立体观光游览、避暑度假游乐、攀岩探险漂流、水上冰雪游玩、科考科普教育等多种功能。

Xuebaoshan national Forest Park is located in the northern part of the State District of Chongqing City, a total area of 18408 hectares. There are abundant wildlife resources in the scenic area. There are 50 species of key protected plants in the country, and 32 species are protected by the state. It is a compound national Forest Park with diverse ecological characteristics. The national Forest Park approved by the State Forestry Administration in 2002.

Main attractions

The park is mainly composed of Tianshui waterfall, Bailixia area, xubaoding scenic spots. There are about 74 scenic spots.

Tianshui spring waterfall: the snow treasure mountain is the most peculiar, one is the waterfall source for the molten rock dark river; two is the waterfall water directly from the dark river exits, flush several meters high; three is the dark river spring water from the air to 300 meters, the name “Tianshui spring waterfall”. Located in the southwest part of the park, its area is 19.05 square kilometers, which is characterized by water landscape.

Millennium cypress: the world’s more than 8000 unique species of snow, Baoshan Millennium cypress, is the world’s most concentrated area, the largest number of Millennium juniper group. It is of high value and ornamental value.

Baili Canyon: the gorge is 50 kilometers long and the valley is 20-30 meters wide. The canyon runs across the central part of the park. The confrontation between the two hills is different from each other. It is a very natural and charming natural landscape in the park. The main Bailixia drifting field, Diego Donghe waterfall, Bailixia Linhai, constant hot springs, xiangshuiquan, Jian 23 slot gorge size attractions.

Sub alpine meadow: the park is more than 2000 meters and has an area of more than 50 thousand mu. It is the largest, most original and best preserved sub alpine meadow in South China.

Xubaoding: the park is located in the northeastern area of 30.73 square kilometers. Zhongshan meadow is characterized by its picturesque scenery and varied scenery at any time. Rare arborvitae in sky landscape singular rare. There are 38 major scenic spots, such as Zhaojia Ping grassland, ten li ping grassland, park grassland, three lawn grasslands, snow treasure mountain grassland, snow treasure mountain cloud sea, snow treasure evening glow, snow treasure sunset, snow top Sleeping Buddha and so on.

natural resources

According to incomplete statistics, there are more than 1800 species of plants and 720 genera in 187 families. Among them, there are 50 species of state key protection; 4 classes, 24 orders, 185 genera and 278 species of terrestrial vertebrates, of which 32 are protected by the state.

There are a wide variety of plant species, 3813 species of vascular plants, 1136 genera and 3813 species of vascular plants, 30 families, 87 genera and 170 species of national key protection plants. Among them, the World Conservation Union is listed as one of the world class extremely dangerous plants: the cliya cypress of the genus clipper; it is included in the national key protection wild plant list I protected plants such as involucrata, dove, Taxus, Taxus, ginkgo, and so on. The grade protection plants are: Bashan Torreya, Qinling Mountains fir, Liriodendron Liriodendron, Lian Xiang tree, water green tree, big fruit green cuttage, Eucommia ulmoides, Huanglian, octagonal lotus, thick flutter and other 28 species, as well as abnormally rich orchids, such as Gastrodia elata, solitary garlic orchid, fire orchid, shrimp ridge orchid, fan pulse spoon orchid, sheep’s ear garlic, etc., 44 genera and 109 species.

The wild animal resources in the protected area are very rich. It is a natural natural gene bank for conservation of terrestrial wild animals in the subregion of the western mountain plateau in the Western China area of central China. It is the most and the most comprehensive protection area with hoofed animals and carnivores in the Three Gorges Reservoir area. It has important protection research value. After preliminary investigation, there are 32 orders, 97 families and 337 species of wild vertebrates in the protected area. Among them, there are 62 species of mammals, 8 orders, 24 families, 14 orders, 43 families, 188 species, 3 orders, 9 families, 19 species of reptiles, 2 orders, 8 families of amphibians, 62 species of fish 5, and invertebrate insects. There are 4 species of national protected animals, namely, clouded leopard, leopard, forest musk and golden eagle; 33 species of national second class protected animals, such as rhesus monkeys, pangolin, wolves, otters, golden cats, antelopes and giant salamander.

Place name legend

In ancient times, its sparsely populated mountain, few people tread. Legend, one day, there are two outsiders who want to go from Kaixian’s Hua Hua village to the Yi Yi Township, Chengkou County, and go to the Qing Wan son. It has blocked the mountain, the mountain road is covered with snow, and it can’t go down again. Two people thought of a way: hand snowball, egg size, snowball stacked together. It wasn’t long before a huge snowball was made. The two men used all their strength to push the snowball down the mountain. The snowball rolled faster and faster and bigger and bigger, and wrapped two people in the middle. Suddenly, when I met a high ridge, the snowball fell heavily, and there was a loud bang, and the snowball was scattered. Two people climbed out of the snowball and got nothing hurt. Later, people went to the mountain known as “mountain snow pack”, then, has been a homonym for “xuebaoshan”.

Features of scenic spots

The snow treasure mountain national Forest Park is rich in tourism resources, high tourism taste, distinctive features; one hundred and fifty thousand mu preserved the most primitive and the most perfect subalpine meadow south of the first; the river spring waterfalls are numerous, the climate is unique, the human landscape is rich, with the original, simple, rough, strange characteristics. Mainly with broad and magnificent forests and a wide variety of ecological landscape as the main body, with steep mountains and strange and long canyons as the skeleton, the most primitive and graceful meadow landscape in the south, the magical and colorful spring waterfall, and the heavens are characterized by a strong cultural background and elegant folk style, with three-dimensional sightseeing, summer holiday amusement, rock climbing expedition drifting, water ice and snow. Play, science and science education and other functions.