汉丰湖 Han Feng Lake

汉丰湖风景区位于重庆市东北部的开州区境内,汉丰湖东西跨度12.51 公里,南北跨度5.86公里,汉丰湖因三峡工程而生,由境内两江汇成,常年蓄水170.28米以上,水域面积15平方公里。

汉丰湖是举世瞩目的长江三峡工程建设而形成的世界上独具特色的人工湖;开县移民新城坐落在此湖畔,构成“城在湖中,湖在山中,意在心中”的美丽画境,汉丰湖四山环抱、与城市和谐共生,拥有独特的滨湖湿地风雨廊桥开州举子园刘伯承同志纪念馆(故居)等自然与人文景观。

地理环境

三峡水库汛后蓄水水位至175米时,滔滔长江水由东往西回涌入开州澎溪河,开州将形成55.5平方公里的淹没水域面积。而水库水位回落后,形成大片的消落带可能对开州造成生态环境的危害。为了解决这个问题,在流经开州的澎溪河下游4.5公里处建了一座拦水大坝——水位调节坝,这样一来,在调节坝的上游就将形成一个常年水位为172—175米、周长为36.4公里、水域面积为14.8平方公里的湖:汉丰湖由此而来。

开州水位调节坝位于丰乐街道办乌杨村2组,该工程为闸坝结合坝型,总长507米,最大坝高24.34米,正常蓄水位170.28米,相应库容0.56亿立方米,最大过闸流量每秒8440立方米。该工程于2007年8正式开工建设,2012年5月建成并下闸蓄水试运行。为实现大坝与汉丰湖相映生辉的旅游景观效应,大坝采用了“明清风雨廊桥”古建筑装饰风格,以书、画、诗、词、赋、联等文化表现形式,彰显开州厚重人文,为探索我国水利工程与景观工程结合做出了成功的尝试,于2012年10月荣膺“国家水利风景区”称号。

西段较狭窄,东段较开阔,其中最窄处为92米,最宽处为1589米,蓄水量8000万立方米,湖湾30多个,其中有岛屿41个。湖周有南山森林公园、大觉寺、刘伯承同志纪念馆等诸多人文和自然景观。

主要景点

1、风荷鹭影 2、风雨廊桥 3、鱼道 4、城南故津 5、龙王庙 6、滨湖浴场

保护措施

水位调节坝的建成,形成最大湖面24平方公里、库容近1.5亿立方米的人工湖,减小消落区面积14.48平方公里,降低了消落区治理难度,成为世界消落区治理典范。同时,库周的湿地资源十分丰富,将成为独特的湿地景观。

汉丰湖内有可利用湿地4处,其中头道河湿地31.28公顷, 大丘坝湿地27.74公顷,原老城区域湿地37.4公顷,三湾堰塘湿地19.39公顷。调节坝以下澎溪河湿地是重庆市首个市级湿地自然保护区,位于开州东部,包括长江三峡水库彭溪河支流回水末端总面36.86平方公里的水库水域、河溪水域、消落带湿地、池塘等,主要保护对象为未受污染的淡水环境、消落带湿地生态系统及多样性物种,特别是珍稀濒危水禽、鱼类和湿地植物。其总面积3686公顷,分辖于开州的金峰、厚坝、渠口三乡镇内。保护区以澎溪河河道两岸第一层山脊为界,由水库水域、河溪水域、消落带湿地、池塘等组成,其中永久性水域面积382公顷,消落带湿地面积1920公顷。

保护区建立两年以来,与重庆大学合作,进行了大量的消落区科学考察和科研示范,掌握了较多的消落区生态变化的一手资料。

为保护与开发好开州汉丰湖,开州区委区政府确定了“打好生态牌,建设汉丰湖”的战略举措,启动了以汉丰湖为核心的库岸治理、滨湖公园、环湖路网、环湖经济圈、环湖生态屏障五个圈层的规划。

不久的将来,一个“世界级湿地公园” 、“西部水上大世界”、“市民亲水休闲中心”将展现在世人面前,一颗光耀三峡的“蓝宝石”将惊艳华夏,走向世界!

所获荣誉

汉丰湖风景区于2012年10月荣膺“国家水利风景区”称号。

2014年12月,开州汉丰湖风景区正式被国家旅游局批准为国家AAAA(4A)级风景名胜区。

2015年12月,开州汉丰湖入选长江三峡30个最佳旅游新景观之一。

2017年1月,由重庆市旅游局和重庆晨报共同主办的“重庆最受游客喜爱十大景区”,汉丰湖位列第二。

Hanfeng Lake scenic area is located in the kiczhou District of the northeast of Chongqing. The Hanfeng lake has a span of 12.51 km and 5.86 km in the north and south. The Hanfeng lake is born from the Three Gorges Project. It is remitted from two rivers in China. The water is more than 170.28 meters per year and the water area is 15 square kilometers.

The Hanfeng lake is a unique artificial lake in the world. The Kaixian immigrant city is situated on the lakeside, which constitutes a beautiful picture of “the city is in the lake, the lake is in the mountains, and the heart is in mind”. The four mountains of Hanfeng lake are surrounded by the mountains and harmonious symbiosis with the city, and the unique Binhu wetland, the wind and rain bridges, the Kai Zhou imperial garden, and Comrade Liu Baicheng Memorial Hall ( Natural and humanistic landscapes.

geographical environment

When the water level of the Three Gorges reservoir is 175 meters, the water of the Yangtze River flows from east to west into the Pengxi River, which will form a submerged area of 55.5 square kilometers. The reservoir water level drops, the formation of a large drawdown hazard zone may cause ecological environment on the state. In order to solve this problem, a water level dam is built at the lower reaches of the Pengxi River, which is flowing through the kkai state. In this way, the upstream of the regulation dam will form a lake of 172 – 175 meters, 36.4 kilometers perimeter and 14.8 square meters of water area, which comes from Hanfeng lake.

The kuzhou water level regulation dam is located in the 2 group of Wuyang village, Feng Le street. The project is a gate dam combined dam type, with a total length of 507 meters, a maximum height of 24.34 meters, a normal storage position of 170.28 meters, a corresponding capacity of 56 million cubic meters, and a maximum gate flow rate of 8440 cubic meters per second. The project started construction in 8 in 2007, and completed and operated in May 2012. In order to realize the landscape effect of the dam and Hanfeng lake, the dam adopted the ancient architectural decoration style of “Ming and Qing Dynasty and the wind and rain bridges”, and made a successful attempt to explore the combination of water conservancy engineering and landscape engineering in China. In October 2012, it was awarded the title of “National Water Conservancy Scenic Area” by the cultural expression forms of books, paintings, poems, words, Fu and couplets.

The western section is narrower and the eastern section is more open. The narrowest place is 92 meters, the broadest place is 1589 meters, the water volume is 80 million cubic meters, and the lake bay is more than 30, of which there are 41 islands. There are many cultural and natural landscapes such as Nanshan Forest Park, Da Jue temple, comrade Liu Baicheng memorial hall, etc.

Main attractions

1, wind, wind and rain bridges 3 Heron shadow in 2, 4, the South fishway Tianjin 5, Dragon King Temple 6, Binhu Beach

protective measures

The completion of the water level regulation dam has formed an artificial lake with a maximum lake surface of 24 square kilometers and nearly 150 million cubic meters of storage capacity, reducing the area of the elimination area of 14.48 square kilometers, reducing the difficulty of controlling the falling area and becoming a model for the treatment of the world’s falling area. Meanwhile, the wetland resources in the library area are very rich, which will become a unique wetland landscape.

There are 4 wetlands available in Hanfeng lake, including 31.28 hectares of wetland in the head road, 27.74 hectares of large hilly dams, 37.4 hectares of wetland in the original old city, and 19.39 hectares of wetland in the three Bay weir and pond. The Pengxi River Wetland below the regulation dam is the first municipal Wetland Nature Reserve in Chongqing. It is located in the eastern part of keck, including the reservoir waters of 36.86 square kilometers of the total surface of the backwater of the Pengxi River branch of the Three Gorges reservoir, the river river waters, the wetland of the falling Zone, the pond and so on. The main protection is the unpolluted freshwater environment, the wetland ecosystem of the falling zone and the diversity species, especially Jane. Rare and endangered waterfowl, fish and wetland plants. The total area of 3686 hectares, gold peak, thick dam, canal divided the jurisdiction of the township in three opened the mouth. The reserve is composed of the first layer of mountain ridge on the two sides of the Pengxi River, which is composed of reservoir waters, River Creek waters, slash wetlands and ponds, including 382 hectares of permanent water area and 1920 hectares of wetland area.

Since the establishment of the sanctuary for two years, with the cooperation of Chongqing University, a large number of scientific research and demonstration of the elimination zone have been carried out, and more information on the ecological changes of the falling areas has been mastered.

In order to protect and develop Hanfeng Lake in Kai Zhou, the government of the District Committee of Kai Zhou has determined the strategic measures of “making good ecological cards and building Hanfeng Lake”, and started the planning of five layers, which are the core of Hanfeng lake, the management of bank bank, the Binhu Park, the lake road network, the economic circle around the lake and the ecological barrier around the lake.

In the near future, a “world class Wetland Park”, “the big world in the west” and “the citizen’s hydrophilic leisure center” will be displayed in front of the world. A “Sapphire” of the Three Gorges will be stunning and going to the world!

Honors

Hanfeng Lake Scenic Area in October 2012 awarded the “National Water Conservancy Scenic Area”.

In December 2014, opened in Hanfeng Lake Scenic Area by the National Tourism Administration formally approved as a national AAAA level scenic area (4A).

In December 2015, the state was one of the Three Gorges Hanfeng Lake 30 best tourism landscape.

In January 2017, Chongqing’s Tourism Bureau and Chongqing Morning Post Co sponsored “Chongqing’s ten most popular tourist attractions”, Hanfeng Lake ranked second.